Nazi Camp Map

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Dachau Badges

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 Timeline of Events

January 30, 1933 Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany
March 22, 1933 Dachau, the first concentration camp, is opened
March 23, 1933 Enabling Act is passed, giving Hitler absolute power
September 15, 1935 First of the Nuremberg Laws is published, taking rights away from Jews and forbidding marriage between Jews and “Aryans”
November 9-10, 1938 Kristallnacht: Also known as “Night of Broken Glass,” Nazi-instigated rampage against Jewish shops in Germany and Austria ends with the arrest of over 30,000 Jews and destruction of their homes and businesses
September 1, 1939 German invasion of Poland starts WWII
January 1940 The Nazis begin a program of gassing the mentally disabled in Germany
June 14, 1940 Auschwitz concentration camp is opened in Poland as a prison for Poles and an outstation for colonization of the East
June 22, 1941 The Germans and their allies invade the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa. SS units known as Einsatzgruppen are ordered to follow the advancing armies and kill all Soviet Jews
September 3, 1941 First gassings with Zyklon-B at Auschwitz
September 28-30, 1941 Over 33,000 Soviet Jews are massacred and buried in a mass grave at Babi Yar, outside Kiev, Ukraine
January 20, 1942 Wannsee Conference discusses the “Final Solution”
November 3, 1943 Operation Harvest Festival: 18,000-40,000 Jews at Majdanek concentration camp are massacred
November 29, 1944 Last gassings at Auschwitz; camp is ordered to be evacuated on January 19, 1945
January 27, 1945 Auschwitz is liberated by Russians
April 30, 1945 Hitler commits suicide in his Berlin bunker
May 5-8, 1945 Mauthausen and its satellites, the last remaining concentration camp, is liberated by the U.S.
May 8, 1945 Allies accept Germany’s unconditional surrender
November 20, 1945-October 1, 1946 War criminals are tried at Nuremberg


Information has been obtained from websites of the following organizations along with selected other sources: JewishGen, Jewish Virtual Library, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Yad Vashem, Aktion Reinhard Camps, and the Holocaust Research Project. Facts and information may differ depending upon the source.